Land rich with traditions cultural heritage ancient history

Armenia is an ancient country, which has rich in history and culture. Armenia is famous for its beautiful nature and historical-cultural structures, and it is considered as “a museum under the open air”. Armenia is a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located in Western Asia on the Armenian Highlands, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and Azerbaijan’s exclave of Nakchivan to the south. Armenia is a unitary, multi-party, democratic nation-state with an ancient cultural heritage. Urartu was established in 860 BC and by the 6th century BC it was replaced by the Satrapy of Armenia. The Kingdom of Armenia reached its height under Tigran the Great in the 1st century BC and became the first state in the world to adopt Christianity as its official religion in the late 3rd or early 4th century AD. The official date of state adoption of Christianity is 301. Religion has been an essential part of Armenian identity and has reshaped the course of history. Armenia recognizes the Armenian Apostolic Church, the world’s oldest national church, as the country’s primary religious establishment. The unique Armenian alphabet was invented by Mesrop Mashtots in 405 AD. Armenia is a member of the Eurasian Economic Union, the Council of Europe and the Collective Security Treaty Organization. Armenia supports the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh, which was proclaimed in 1991. Throughout its post-Soviet history, Armenia was to become an industrial growth point in the Caucasus, «luring» European companies with low costs and tax breaks. Considering the Armenian Diaspora in the EU and the USA, such a policy could be crowned with success. The promotion of investment is one of the key focuses of Armenian economic policy. The key objectives are to provide incentives to foreign investors with the goals of increasing the country’s exports and stimulating employment, creating a favorable investment and business environment, increasing the transparency of the regulatory framework, and ensuring sustainable economic growth in Armenia. Armenia has declared an “open door” investment policy, which is defined in the law “On Foreign Investments” and in the Investment Policy of Armenia. The Republic of Armenia has one of the most open investment regimes among emerging market countries.

Yerevan is the capital of the Republic of Armenia, one of the three hubs of the South Caucasus and is home to over a million people – the largest Armenian community in the world. In Soviet years Yerevan underwent massive reconstruction, following architect Alexander Tamanyan’s plan to make a “perfect city” – a Neo-Classical town with wide avenues, resembling Paris, Vienna and Saint Petersburg. Central Yerevan is a true jewel of early Soviet architecture. It is also home to some large scale Modern and Post-Modern marvels which are mostly the result of Soviet-Armenian architectural megalomania. In Soviet days Yerevan had already become known as the Pink City as much due to the colour of the tufa stone used for building as for the flamboyant spirit of her young population.
Yerevan is very modern city and is very tourist-oriented by historical-cultural heritage, supporting navigation, friendly open people with advances communication skills. Besides this there is developed hospitality sector in Yerevan, as there are number of high-class hotels, restaurants and halls, which attract many international guests to participate in international events.
There are proposed two official events, and both of them are planned to organize in Yerevan, in the hearth of Downtown. One of the venues for events is proposed to book Armenia Marriott Hotel, which is one of the best hotels in Armenia and located in the hearth of Yerevan, next to Republic Square and National Gallery. The hotel is equipped with necessary items and provides free Wi-Fi. All hotels are equipped by all necessary terms: Wi-Fi, light and sound system, meal, etc.

Yerevan is known as the Pink City, the volcanic rock (tuff) iconic of its state buildings forming a fondant panorama around the city’s heart. Meanwhile the verdant hills, which cup the 13th capital of historical Armenia provide a setting, which masks its many battle scars. The capital of Armenia is also one of the most ancient cities of the world. Yerevan is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. It dates back to the 8th century, when the fortress of Erebuni was built by king Argishti I.
Most of tourist Yerevan is concentrated in the Centre. The Centre is very compact and easily walkable, with endless dining and entertainment options. There are numerous museums, monuments, churches in Yerevan, which evidence the high spiritual, cultural and scientific status of the city. Due to rich historic and cultural heritage, unique architecture, developing urban infrastructure and the hospitality so characteristic of Armenians, Yerevan attracts more and more tourists expanding the geography of tourism market and strengthening its positions on the map of best touristic directions. Yerevan city is very tourist oriented and friendly city, which is considered as one of the safest city in the world. Any tourist can navigate in city very easily without any guide, as the all signs are written also in English, and also the locals are communicative.

The capital city is fast becoming a major tourist destination thanks to its numerous landmarks, extensive nightlife, great museums and lovely parks. A walking tour is the best way to really get immersed in Yerevan’s culture, history and cuisine. The city Centre is, of course, the place to do this, as it is home to landmarks like the grand Republic Square, the impressive Opera House, the 18th century Blue Mosque and the famous Cascade complex.

Kond is one of the oldest quarters in the city, dating back to the 17th century. The quarter sits along a hill overlooking the city centre. The quarter is home to numerous Ottoman/Persian/Muslim houses that feature 1.5-metre thick walls that were originally made out of clay and small stones. These houses sit along narrow streets and alleyways that are no more than 90 to 120 centimetres wide. Walking around Kond is a wonderful experience, gazing at the ancient architecture and finding some hidden gems. Spend an afternoon getting lost along the winding streets and alleyways in Kond, as you never know what you may find here. Yerevan is a pretty old city that boasts a very long history, some of which is gruesome and some that is not. A great way to learn about the city’s past is to head to its museums.

Walking around the city Centre is a phenomenal way to see the history of the city, from the Persian times to the Soviet periods. You will also get a glimpse at Yerevan’s modern side, with contemporary architecture, coffee shops and trendy restaurants being found along the alleyways and the main streets. The Cascade is a giant stairwell that connects the Kentron area with the Monument neighborhood. It has eight levels, all of which are accessible by climbing up the stairwell, though those that would rather not walk can take an elevator. The views over the city while climbing the stairs are absolutely breathtaking, especially at night when the city lights up. It is certainly not to be missed. This pedestrian only street is in the Kentron area, linking Abovyan Street with Freedom Square (Tumanyan Street). The wide avenue opened in 2007 and is 450 metres long and 27 metres wide. Northern Avenue is home to 11 buildings and 4 small squares. It also features an underground mall and car park. Some of Yerevan’s most upscale shops can be found along the pedestrian avenue, including Armani, Steve Madden, Desigual and Burberry. There are also a number of chain fast food restaurants and trendy coffee shops that are great for resting and people watching.
There are numerous parks throughout the city that are great for kicking back, taking your shoes off and enjoying a picnic. Lovers Park is by far the most popular and also happens to be the oldest park in the city. Lovers Park boasts a traditional Japanese landscape, which was transformed after recently being renovated. It is a great place for a romantic picnic amongst lovers, what with its ponds, waterfalls and quite spaces. English park is another excellent place for a picnic and is often the backdrop for wedding photographs. Tumanyan Park and Buenos Aires Park are also great picnic parks.
The History Museum of Armenia has a collection of over 400,000 objects and is arguably the best museum for those that want to learn more about the city, as well as the entire country. It features Ethnography, Archaeology, Numismatics and Modern History departments, with collections in each. The largest collection of Armenian art can be found at the National Gallery of Armenia, though it also displays work from numerous European and Russian artists. For a look into the country’s not so nice past, check out the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute. The weekend Yerevan Vernissage is a large open-air market that sits along Aram and Buzand streets, near the Republic Square metro. The market opened in the 1980s by a group of local artists to display and sell their work. The Yerevan Vernissage has become so large and popular that it moved from its original home next to Charles Aznavour Square to where it is today. It stretches from the Republic Square metro station to the statue of Vardan Mamikonyan. This is a great place to snatch up a variety of traditional Armenian art work, such as rugs, wood carvings, paintings, musical instruments and jewellery. Another great place to purchase paintings is at Saryan Park.
Locally known as Hraparak, Republic Square sits in the centre of the city in the Kentron neighbourhood. It is a beautiful square that took nearly 50 years to complete, though most of it was built in the 1950s. You can easily spend an entire day and evening at Republic Square, as it is home to numerous landmarks, like the History Museum, the National Gallery and the Government House, as well as the iconic Armenia Marriott Hotel. It is beautiful in the day and in the night when it is all lit up. A truly magnificent thing about the square is its musical fountains. From early spring to late fall there is a fantastic fountain and light show that is accompanied by some great music of various genres.
Ararat is the oldest brandy company in the country, opening in 1887 by merchant Nerses Tairyants. It later became the supplier of His Imperial Majesty’s court and since then the world-renowned brandy and has been admired by many, including Frank Sinatra, Agatha Christie and Winston Churchill. The distillery is open for tours, which includes a tasting. The tour takes place in the in-house museum, where visitors learn about the history of the company and the making of this fine alcohol. In addition to walking around the old cellar, visitors get to taste two or three types of the fine brandy. A visit to Ararat is a must for any brandy connoisseur.
A type of Caucasian cuisine, Armenian cuisine is quite delicious, with freshness and quality coming before flavour and spices. That’s not to say that Armenian cuisine is not delicious, it is, especially dishes like dzhash (stew), kabob (grilled meat) and pilaf (rice with meat). Fresh herbs are always used in Armenian dishes, like parsley, dill, coriander, basil, oregano and tarragon. Flavours are also influenced by neighbouring countries, including Turkey and Iran. A great place to try basic dishes, like barbeque and fish, is at the themed restaurants in the Hrazdan Gorge. There are also restaurants that serve up meals to the sound of traditional folk music, as well as a few upmarket places that offer Armenian-fusion cuisine, and other cuisines like Italian, Asian are also well developed and highly served in restaurants of Yerevan.
Yerevan has numerous options for music lovers, be it opera, folk music, rock or even dance music. Restaurants, parks, concert halls, bars and nightclubs all offer music in the city. The Cascades and Lover’s Park often host concerts in the spring and summer months that are worth checking out. The Yerevan Opera Theatre and Komitas Chamber Music House often have cheap, last minute tickets for operas, symphonies and ballets. Then there are the nightclubs, pubs, jazz cafés and karaoke bars. These are all appealing to night owls and are a great way to mingle with the locals.

Armenia has a visa-free system with almost half the globe! It is a simplified process for visitors from over 90 countries.
To enter Armenia, the citizens of foreign countries must have valid passport, entry visa or a document of residency status. Foreign visitors for whom a visa-free regime is in effect can stay in Armenia for up to 180 days during one year, unless defined otherwise by the international treaty.
Foreign visitors transiting through Armenia need to present tickets to a third country or a visa to a third country, and can stay in Armenia for no more than 72 hours except in cases of emergency. Foreigners are allowed to stay in the Transit Zone for a maximum of 48 hours if not entering the country, except in cases of emergency. Foreigners traveling through Armenia by land can obtain transit visas without tickets or visas of a third country.
The types of Armenian visas are:

  • visitor visa
  • official visa
  • diplomatic visa
  • transit visa

Visitors can get a visa upon arrival at Zvartnots International Airport. The documentation process takes about 20-25 minutes. E-visas are also available for foreign citizens (https://evisa.mfa.am). Generally, e-visas are approved and issued on line within two business days. The following credit cards to pay for e-visas are accepted:

  • American Express
  • MasterCard
  • Visa
  • Diner’s Club / Carte Blanche

Armenian visas are issued for maximum of 120 days with possibility to extend for another 60 days, if no other term is defined by international agreement. Citizens of a number of countries enjoy a non-visa regime on certain categories of passports. Visitors from these countries can obtain an Armenian visa only upon invitation and only at the diplomatic representation of consular offices in Armenia. However, no invitation is required for the citizens of such countries who are of Armenian nationality, or citizens of countries not mentioned on the list.

There are two international airports in Armenia – “Zvartnots”, 15 km outside of Yerevan, and “Shirak” in Gyumri. Various national and foreign carriers operate flights to Yerevan and Gyumri and include Aeroflot, Air France, Austrian Airlines and Czech Airlines. Yerevan has direct air connection with Beirut, Dubai, Istanbul, Kiev, Rome, Moscow, Paris, Prague, St. Petersburg, Tehran, Vienna, Berlin, Athens, etc.
Public transit system with subway, buses and minivans is quite well developed in Yerevan. Most people in the capital use public transit. Underground is also widely used in Yerevan. Taxis and private cars are available and can be booked through a hotel. Several companies like Europ Car, Hertz, Avis, etc are providing “rent-a-car” services without driver. There are lots of mobile applications for taxi: gg, mobi taxi, yandex taxi, etc.
Armenia Time (AMT) is a time zone used in Armenia. The standard time zone is four hours ahead of UTC at UTC+4 and the summer time (AMST) has stopped being affected by the daylight saving time change beginning 2012, so during summer, the time zone stays the same (UTC +4).
There is public transport from airport to center of Yerevan, which organize regular transfers.

Short assessment of tourist security, including health, terrorism and crime risks.

The National Security Strategy of the Republic of Armenia is a system of state policy aimed to guarantee state, public, and individual security, sustainable development and the maintenance of the Armenian identity. It is implemented through the development and execution of a unified state policy based on an all-inclusive system of democratic values for all spheres of life. Although there is no recent history of terrorism in Armenia, attacks can’t be ruled out. Crime levels are low. Armenia is considering is one of the safest country.

Arriving. Minibuses from Zvartnots Airport leave from a bus park near the main terminal. Exit the arrivals hall, turn right and walk up the stairs to find it. Yerevan minibus 18 (AMD200 (0,35 euro), every 20 minutes, 8am to 8pm) runs between the airport and Abovyan St in the city centre, stopping at both Sasuntsi Davit metro station and Rossiya Mall en route. You’ll be charged an additional AMD100 (0,17 euro) for your luggage.
A taxi from the airport to the city centre should cost AMD3500 (6,2 euro) to AMD4000 (7.1 euro); agree on the price before getting into the taxi. From the city centre to the airport should only cost AMD3000 (5,3 euro). The trip takes about 15 to 20 minutes.
Transport in Armenia: Buses and Minibusses
One of the most convenient ways to Travel in Armenia is by medium and high capacity buses. Buses and minibusses are the convenient and cheap way to travel around the city, with plenty of sightseeing opportunities along your way. Yerevan bus and minibus fare is only 100 AMD(0,17 euro). Although most people in Armenia speak Russian, and fewer speak English or other languages, it won’t make an issue for travelers around Armenia. The buses only stop at designated bus stops. They do not stop on request between bus stops.
From the airport to the city center one can reach in about 20-30 minutes. There are a number of minibusses and buses that travel to the center.
Taxi: If you want to travel faster and with comfort, choose a taxi. Taxi fare in Yerevan is very cheap, both in the capital and between other cities. Taxi fare per km is 100 AMD (0,17 euro) and the minimum fare is 600 AMD (1,06 euro). You can also hire a taxi for a day, but please make sure to first agree on a price with the driver or during the conversation with the operator. You can find taxi anywhere in street or order by phone or mobile application: gg, yandex taxi, bolt, U taxi, etc.
Metro: During numerous traffic jams, citizens also often travel by subway. Despite the fact that the Yerevan Metro (which length is 12 km) has only 2 lines and 10 stations, this type of transport is quite popular among the travelers and citizens, because it is considered to be quite, safe and comfortable way of traveling. In 2011, 2 subway cars were modernized. You can pay the fare by using plastic cards and tokens, which cost 100 AMD (0,17 euro). The Yerevan metro is clean, safe and efficient. It runs north–south through the city, stopping at these underground stations: Barekamutyun, Marshall Baghramyan, Yeritasardakan, Republic Square (Hanrapetutyan Hraparak), Zoravar Andranik near Surp Grigor Lusavorich Cathedral/Rossiya Mall and Sasuntsi Davit at the Yerevan train station. The line continues west and south on ground level to stations in the industrial suburbs. Trains run every five to 10 minutes.

You can enjoy attractions and sightseeings of Armenia within the organized tours. One of the most well-known and trusted companies is Hyur Tour. For example the cost of a trip to the monastery of Tatev is 26,5 euro = 15 000 AMD per 13 hour trip. Children up to 12 years 50% discount. The coordinates of the office in Yerevan: 40.180732, 44.518922.There is a tour bus around the city, the cost 5,3 euro = 3 000 AMD

We have planned to cooperate with tour agency and transport company, who will organize scheduled and individual tours and transfers for participants.

The economy of Armenia grew by 5.2% in 2018 and reached a nominal GDP of over $12.4 billion per annum, while per capita GDP grew by 7.9% and reached $4,186. GDP in the third quarter of 2019 amounted to approximately 1.8 trillion AMD and grew by 7.9%. Economic growth was mainly driven by trade and services. The trade and services, industry and construction sectors respectively contributed to the growth by about 5, 2.2 and 0.35 percentage points. The leading industries are mechanical engineering and metal working, chemical and petrochemical, nonferrous metallurgy, manufacture of building materials (including the ones based on the deposits of tuffs, pearlites, limestones, granites and marbles), foodstuffs and light industries. Armenia exports mainly processed brilliants, machinery and equipment, copper etc., and imports gas, oil, and cars. The major export markets are Russia, China, Switzerland, Bulgaria, Iran, USA, Georgia. The country imports mainly from Russia, Germany, China, The USA, Iran, UAE Turkey, etc. Information technology (IT) and telecommunications is one of the most productive service sectors in Armenia. The Government has declared IT a priority and is supporting it through the Ministry of High-Tech Industry. Information technology (IT) and telecommunications industry of Armenia has already attracted global brands such as Synopsis, National Instruments, Microsoft, Mentor Ericson, Graphics and others which has located a considerable part of their operations in Armenia. A number of startups in Armenia have already captured and are constantly occupying the international market. For example, Armenian PicsArt is the most downloaded photo editing platform in the world, with over 100 million people processing 850 million photos each month. SoloLearn is the largest mobile learning platform in the world and also is one of the fastest growing companies. In the Global Innovation Index 2019 Armenia is ranked 64th among 129 countries, improving its position by 4. According to the World Bank, Armenia is an upper-middle income country and is ranked 15th among the 34 upper middle-income economies covered in the GII 2019. Tourism is one of the most dynamically growing sectors of Armenian economy. Armenia has rich cultural, historical, and natural resources and has many attractive tourism products and good services. The number of tourists coming to Armenia has grown over the last two years. In 2019, the number of tourist visits was around 1,900,000 and has grown over 14.7% compared to the last year. In 2019 Booking.com included Yerevan in top 10 of most famous destinations of 2020. In the ease of doing business, Armenia is 47th among 192 economies according to the World Bank Doing Business report 2020. Moreover, Armenia is the tenth economy for starting a business. In the 2019 report of Economic Freedom of the World published by Fraser Institute Armenia ranks 27th (classified most free) out of 162 economies. Armenia has improved its competitiveness index by 1.4 points in the Global Competitiveness Report 2019 released by the World Economic Forum. As a result, Armenia is ranked 69th in the list of 141 countries. In the 2019 report of Human Development Index by UNDP Armenia ranked 81st and is classified into “high human development” group. In the 2018 report of Corruption Perceptions Index by Transparency International Armenia ranked 105 of 180 countries. In the 2019 report of Index of Economic Freedom by Heritage Foundation Armenia ranked 47th ahead of countries like Belgium, France, Portugal and Italy. Moody’s Investors Service (“Moody’s”) considered the strategic goals of the Armenian government adequate, accurate and relevant and has upgraded the Government of Armenia’s local and foreign currency long-term issuer and foreign currency senior unsecured debt ratings to Ba3 from B1. Fitch Ratings has also upgraded Armenia’s Long-Term Foreign-Currency (LTFC) Issuer Default Rating (IDR) to BB- from B+. Armenia is a member of more than 40 different international organizations such as United Nations, Commonwealth of Independent States, Black Sea Economic Cooperation, World Trade Organization, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Eurasian Economic Union, The Comprehensive and Enhance Partnership Agreement with EU, Council of Europe, OSCE, IMF, WB, IBRD, WHO, WIPO, EBRD, ADB, World Tourism Organization, World Customs Organization and others.